The enduring legacy of the gendered economy in a high-income society


The US NTA/CWW team plays a large role coordinating research across countries, but has also produced work on gendered economic patterns in the United States.  Despite the enormous convergence in market labor force participation for women and men since the early 20th century, the legacy of gendered economic roles endures. 

CWW research highlights current differences in average labor income and time spent on market work versus unpaid care work by age.


United States

Gretchen Donehower

Academic specialist, department of demography

University of california at berkeley


Ronald Lee

Edward G. and Nancy S. Jordan Family Professor Emeritus of Economics, emeritus professor of demography

University of california at berkeley


Andrew Mason

Senior Fellow, EAST west center, Professor of Economics, University of Hawaii

East-west center, university of hawaii